10-Q
Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-Q

 

 

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2016

OR

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                      to                     

Commission File Number 333-186090

 

 

BRE SELECT HOTELS CORP

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

Delaware   35-2464254

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

c/o Blackstone Real Estate Partners VII L.P.

345 Park Avenue

New York, New York

  10154
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

(212) 583-5000

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ☐    No  ☒

(Note: As a voluntary filer, the registrant has not been subject to the filing requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act for the past 90 days. The registrant has filed all reports required under Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act during the preceding 12 months.)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  ☒    No  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer      Accelerated filer  
Non-accelerated filer   ☒  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)    Smaller reporting company  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ☐    No  ☒

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the registrant’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.

 

Common Stock, $0.01 par value per share

     

100

(Class)     Outstanding at November 14, 2016

 

 

 


Table of Contents

BRE SELECT HOTELS CORP

FORM 10-Q

INDEX

 

              Page  

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

  
  Item 1.    Financial Statements (Unaudited):   
     Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets – September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015      3   
     Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations – Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2016 and 2015      4   
     Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows – Nine Months Ended September 30, 2016 and 2015      5   
     Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements      6   
  Item 2.    Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations      16   
  Item 3.    Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk      23   
  Item 4.    Controls and Procedures      23   

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

  
  Item 1.    Legal Proceedings      24   
  Item 1A.    Risk Factors      24   
  Item 2.    Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds      24   
  Item 3.    Defaults Upon Senior Securities      24   
  Item 4.    Mine Safety Disclosures      24   
  Item 5.    Other Information      24   
  Item 6.    Exhibits      25   
  Signatures      26   

This Form 10-Q includes references to certain trademarks or service marks. The SpringHill Suites® by Marriott, TownePlace Suites® by Marriott, Fairfield Inn® by Marriott, Courtyard® by Marriott, Residence Inn® by Marriott and Marriott Suites® trademarks are the property of Marriott International, Inc. or one of its affiliates. The Homewood Suites® by Hilton, Hilton Garden Inn®, Hampton Inn® and Hampton Inn & Suites® trademarks are the property of Hilton Worldwide Holdings Inc. or one or more of its affiliates. For convenience, the applicable trademark or service mark symbol has been omitted for uses other than in this paragraph but will be deemed to be included wherever the above referenced terms are used.


Table of Contents

BRE SELECT HOTELS CORP

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (Unaudited)

(in thousands, except share data)

 

     September 30,
2016
     December 31,
2015
 

ASSETS

  

  

Investment in real estate, net of accumulated depreciation of $92,733 and $73,915, respectively

   $ 909,895       $ 986,640   

Cash and cash equivalents

     27,461         29,137   

Restricted cash

     8,285         6,171   

Due from third party managers, net

     8,054         4,961   

Insurance receivable

     5,067         6,496   

Prepaid expenses

     2,411         1,729   

Goodwill

     116,470         126,377   

Other assets

     4,497         791   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

TOTAL ASSETS

   $ 1,082,140       $ 1,162,302   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

LIABILITIES

     

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

     15,902         14,852   

Due to third party managers, net

     73         1,149   

Mortgages payable

     792,345         842,269   

Other liabilities

     145         —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

TOTAL LIABILITIES

     808,465         858,270   

Commitments and contingencies (Note 7)

     

7% Series A Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock, $1.90 initial liquidation preference, 120,000,000 shares authorized; 72,382,848 issued and outstanding at September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015

     137,160         137,160   

SHAREHOLDER’S EQUITY

     

Preferred stock, $0.0001 par value, 30,000,000 shares authorized; none issued and outstanding at September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015

     —           —     

Common stock, $0.01 par value, 100,000 shares authorized; 100 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015

     —           —     

Additional paid-in capital

     136,515         166,872   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

TOTAL SHAREHOLDER’S EQUITY

     136,515         166,872   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

TOTAL LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDER’S EQUITY

   $ 1,082,140       $ 1,162,302   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

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BRE SELECT HOTELS CORP

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (Unaudited)

(in thousands, except share data)

 

     Three Months Ended
September 30,
    Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
     2016     2015     2016     2015  

REVENUE

        

Room revenue

   $ 75,376      $ 77,135      $ 211,688      $ 207,922   

Other revenue

     4,509        4,991        14,103        13,827   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenue

     79,885        82,126        225,791        221,749   

EXPENSES

        

Operating expense

     17,317        17,659        50,173        49,884   

Hotel administrative expense

     6,835        6,828        20,154        19,594   

Sales and marketing

     5,924        6,083        17,297        16,860   

Utilities

     2,584        2,741        6,919        7,396   

Repair and maintenance

     2,742        2,723        8,259        8,115   

Franchise fees

     3,697        3,815        10,451        10,293   

Management fees

     2,732        2,749        7,725        7,513   

Taxes, insurance and other

     4,249        3,970        11,768        11,417   

General and administrative

     1,438        1,214        3,988        3,379   

Depreciation expense

     9,160        8,658        29,509        24,367   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total expenses

     56,678        56,440        166,243        158,818   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Impairment of investment in real estate

     —          —          (8,507     —     

Loss on sale of hotel properties

     (2,342     —          (2,342     —     

Loss on disposals of investment in real estate

     —          (1,506     —          (4,382

Operating income

     20,865        24,180        48,699        58,549   

Interest expense, net

     (8,203     (7,771     (24,497     (22,889

Loss on derivatives

     —          (4     —          (57
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income before income tax expense

     12,662        16,405        24,202        35,603   

Income tax expense

     (2,256     (3,473     (2,328     (3,675
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income

     10,406        12,932        21,874        31,928   

Series A Preferred Stock dividends declared

     (2,410     (2,410     (7,231     (7,231
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income available for common stockholders

   $ 7,996      $ 10,522      $ 14,643      $ 24,697   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Basic and diluted net income per common share

        

Total basic and diluted net income per common share available to common stockholders

   $ 79,960.00      $ 105,220.00      $ 146,430.00      $ 246,970.00   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Dividends declared per common share

   $ 260,000.00      $ 190,000.00      $ 450,000.00      $ 280,000.00   

Weighted average common shares outstanding—basic and diluted

     100        100        100        100   

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

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BRE SELECT HOTELS CORP

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Unaudited)

(in thousands)

 

     Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
     2016     2015  

Cash flows from operating activities:

    

Net income

   $ 21,874      $ 31,928   

Adjustments to reconcile net income to cash provided by operating activities:

    

Depreciation

     29,509        24,367   

Impairment of investment in real estate

     8,507        —     

Loss on sale of hotel properties

     2,342        —     

Loss on disposals of investment in real estate

     —          4,382   

Fair value adjustment of interest rate cap

     —          57   

Amortization of deferred financing costs

     3,794        3,780   

Other non-cash expenses, net

     (22     (22

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

    

(Increase) decrease in cash restricted for operating expenses

     (1,751     4,981   

Increase in due to/from third party managers, net

     (4,169     (3,599

Decrease in insurance receivable

     1,429        —     

Increase in prepaid expenses and other assets

     (4,651     (572

Increase in accounts payable and accrued expenses

     3,888        3,494   

Increase in other liabilities

     145        —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

     60,895        68,796   

Cash flows from investing activities:

    

Capital improvements

     (31,060     (49,853

Proceeds from sale of assets

     74,557        —     

Property insurance proceeds

     329        201   

(Increase) decrease in cash restricted for property improvements

     (363     26,847   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities

     43,463        (22,805

Cash flows from financing activities:

    

Payments of mortgage debt

     (53,803     (313

Dividends paid to Series A Preferred shareholders

     (7,231     (7,231

Dividends paid to common shareholders

     (45,000     (28,000
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash used in financing activities

     (106,034     (35,544

Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents

     (1,676     10,447   

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period

     29,137        22,776   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period

   $ 27,461      $ 33,223   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Supplemental Cash Flow Information, including Non-Cash Activities:

    

Interest paid

   $ 21,056      $ 19,469   

Taxes paid

   $ 2,753      $ 2,136   

Accrued capital improvements

   $ 3,808      $ 4,733   

Accrued 7% Series A Preferred Stock dividends

   $ 2,410      $ 2,410   

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

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BRE SELECT HOTELS CORP

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

1. Organization

BRE Select Hotels Corp, together with its wholly-owned subsidiaries (the “Company”), is a Delaware corporation that made an election, through the filing of Form 1120-REIT for 2012, to qualify as a real estate investment trust, or REIT, for federal income tax purposes. The Company was formed on November 28, 2012 to invest in income-producing real estate in the United States through the acquisition of Apple REIT Six, Inc. (“Apple Six”) on behalf of BRE Select Hotels Holdings LP (“BRE Holdings”), a Delaware limited partnership and an affiliate of the Company. All of the common stock of the Company is owned by BRE Holdings, which is an affiliate of Blackstone Real Estate Partners VII L.P. (the “Sponsor”). The acquisition of Apple Six (the “Merger”) was completed on May 14, 2013 (the “Acquisition Date”). As of September 30, 2016, the Company owned 60 hotels located in 17 states with an aggregate of 7,041 rooms.

2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Principles of Consolidation – The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include all of the accounts of the Company and its subsidiaries. All material intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

Basis of Presentation – The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“U.S. GAAP”) for interim financial information and certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in annual financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP have been omitted in accordance with standards for the preparation of interim financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring adjustments) necessary for a fair presentation have been included in these condensed consolidated financial statements. Operating results for the interim periods herein are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the twelve month period ending December 31, 2016. These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and notes thereto in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2015.

Use of Estimates – The preparation of the condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the condensed consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Reclassifications – Certain expense amounts in the 2015 condensed consolidated financial statements have been reclassified to conform to the 2016 presentation. Certain hotel telecommunication and information systems expenses in the condensed consolidated statements of operations are now included within hotel administrative expense. These reclassifications had no effect on previously reported operating income.

Cash and Cash Equivalents – Cash and cash equivalents primarily consist of cash in banks. Cash equivalents consist of investments with original maturities of three months or less at acquisition. The Company has deposits in excess of $250,000 within single financial institutions that are not insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. The Company believes it mitigates this risk by depositing with major financial institutions.

Restricted Cash – Restricted cash consists of deposits held in escrow for the payment of certain required repairs, capital improvements and property taxes pursuant to the terms of the Company’s mortgages payable, as well as a repairs and improvements reserve required by the Marriott International, Inc. or its affiliates (“Marriott”) management agreements. The Company’s policy is to present changes in restricted cash attributable to property taxes as a component of operating cash flows and changes in restricted cash attributable to repairs and capital improvements as a component of investing cash flows in the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows.

Due from Third Party Managers, net – Due from third party managers, net, represents the net working capital advanced to and held by the hotel management companies for operation of the hotels.

Due to Third Party Managers, net – Due to third party managers, net, represents management fees due in excess of the net working capital advanced to and held by the hotel management companies for operation of the hotels.

 

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Investment in Real Estate and Related Depreciation – Real estate is stated at cost, net of accumulated depreciation. Repair and maintenance costs are expensed as incurred while significant improvements, renovations, and replacements that extend the useful life of the real estate asset are capitalized and depreciated over the estimated useful life of the real estate asset. Depreciation is computed using the straight-line method over the average estimated useful lives of the assets, which are 39 years for buildings, 10 to 15 years for land and building improvements, and three to seven years for furniture and equipment.

Impairment of Investment in Real Estate – The Company periodically assesses whether there are any indicators that the value of real estate assets may be impaired. Long-lived assets are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate the carrying value of an asset may not be recoverable. Indicators of impairment include: (1) a property with current or potential losses from operations, (2) when it becomes more likely than not that a property will be sold before the end of its previously estimated useful life, or (3) when events, trends, contingencies or changes in circumstances indicate that a triggering event has occurred and an asset’s carrying value may not be recoverable. The Company monitors its properties on an ongoing basis by reviewing financial performance and considers each property individually for purposes of reviewing for indicators of impairment. As many indicators of impairment are subjective, such as general economic and market declines, the Company also prepares a quarterly quantitative analysis for each of its properties to assist with its evaluation of impairment indicators. The analysis compares each property’s current period actual and forecasted occupancy and revenue per available room (“RevPAR”) compared to the prior period.

If events or circumstances change, such as the operating performance of a property declines substantially for an extended period of time, the Company’s carrying value for a particular property may not be recoverable and in such instances an impairment loss may be recorded. Recoverability of assets to be held and used is determined by a comparison of the carrying amount of the assets to the future undiscounted net cash flow expected to be generated by the asset. If the carrying value of such assets exceeds such cash flows, the assets are considered impaired. Impairment losses are measured as the difference between the asset’s fair value and its carrying value. Fair value is determined by using management’s best estimate of the discounted net cash flows over the remaining useful life of the asset, or other indicators of fair value.

During the first quarter of 2016, the Company executed a letter of intent to sell the Hilton Garden Inn – Fredericksburg, Virginia property. As a result, a test for impairment of the property was performed during the first quarter with fair value determined, in part, based on the estimated sales proceeds for the property. The Company estimated the sales proceeds based on the agreement of purchase and sale (subject to certain terms) entered into for the property in April 2016. The test resulted in a non-cash impairment of investment in real estate of $5.5 million for the first quarter. The Hilton Garden Inn – Fredericksburg, Virginia property was subsequently sold in August 2016. The Company received net proceeds of $15.2 million and, as part of the sale, the Company repaid $10.3 million of the related mortgage payable.

During the second quarter of 2016, the Company executed a letter of intent to sell the Marriott – Boulder, Colorado property. As a result, a test for impairment of the property was performed during the second quarter with fair value determined, in part, based on the estimated sales proceeds for the property. The Company estimated the sales proceeds based on the agreement of purchase and sale (subject to certain terms) entered into for the property in June 2016. The test resulted in a non-cash impairment of investment in real estate of $3.0 million for the second quarter. The Marriott – Boulder, Colorado property was subsequently sold in August 2016. The Company received net proceeds of $59.3 million and, as part of the sale, the Company repaid $43.2 million of the related mortgage payable.

The Company has not identified any other triggering events to indicate that the asset carrying values are not recoverable as of September 30, 2016.

Goodwill – Goodwill represents the excess of purchase price over fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed in business combinations, and is characterized by intangible assets that do not qualify for separate recognition. In accordance with accounting guidance related to goodwill and other intangible assets, goodwill is not amortized, but instead reviewed for impairment at least annually. The Company performs its annual testing for impairment of goodwill during the fourth quarter of each year and in certain situations between those annual dates if indicators of impairment are present. The impairment analysis for goodwill is performed at the reporting unit level using a two-step approach. The first step is a comparison of the fair value of the reporting unit, determined using an income approach and validated by a market approach, to its carrying amount. If the carrying amount exceeds the fair value, the second step quantifies any impairment loss by comparing the current implied value of goodwill to the recorded goodwill balance. There was no impairment of goodwill for any of the periods presented.

The following is a summary of goodwill activity for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 (in thousands). The change represents the goodwill amounts allocated at the Acquisition Date to the Hilton Garden Inn – Fredericksburg, Virginia and Marriott – Boulder, Colorado hotel properties which were sold in August 2016, and is in included within the determination of loss on sale of hotel properties presented in the condensed consolidated statements of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 and the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2016.

 

     Nine Months Ended September 30,  
     2016      2015  

Beginning balance

   $ 126,377       $ 126,377   

Allocated to sale of hotel properties

     (9,907      —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Ending balance

   $ 116,470       $ 126,377   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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Revenue Recognition – Revenue is recognized as earned, which is generally defined as the date upon which a guest occupies a room or utilizes the hotel’s services. Taxes collected from customers and submitted to taxing authorities are not recorded in revenue.

Sales and Marketing Costs – Sales and marketing costs are expensed when incurred. These costs represent the expense for franchise advertising under the terms of the hotel management and franchise agreements and general and administrative expenses that are directly attributable to advertising and promotion.

Income Taxes – The Company made an election, through the filing of Form 1120-REIT for 2012, to qualify as a REIT under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, beginning with the Company’s short taxable year ended December 31, 2012. In order to qualify as a REIT, the Company must meet a number of organizational and operational requirements, including a requirement that it distribute at least 90% of its adjusted taxable income to its shareholders, subject to certain adjustments and excluding any net capital gain. The Company’s taxable REIT income and dividend requirements to maintain REIT status are determined on an annual basis. The Company intends to adhere to these requirements to qualify for REIT status, and assuming it does qualify for taxation as a REIT, it will generally not be subject to federal income taxes to the extent it distributes substantially all of its taxable income to the Company’s shareholder. Dividends paid in excess of REIT taxable income for the year will generally not be taxable to the common stockholder. However, the Company’s taxable REIT subsidiaries (“TRS”) will generally be subject to federal, state, and local income taxes and the consolidated income tax provision includes those taxes.

Valuation of Deferred Tax Assets – A valuation allowance for deferred tax assets is provided when it is “more likely than not” that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. Realization is dependent upon the generation of future taxable income or the reversal of deferred tax liabilities during the periods in which those temporary differences become deductible. The Company considers the scheduled reversal of deferred tax liabilities, projected future taxable income and tax planning strategies in performing this assessment.

Income per Common Share – Basic income per common share is computed based upon the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period, after giving effect to the 7% Series A Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock (“Series A Preferred Stock”) dividends declared during the period. There were no potential dilutive shares during the applicable periods, and as a result, basic and dilutive outstanding shares were the same.

Segment Information – The Company derives revenues and cash flows from its hotel portfolio. Hotel portfolio financial information is analyzed for purposes of assessing performance and allocating resources. Therefore, the Company has one operating segment consisting of its hotel portfolio.

New Accounting Pronouncements – The Company adopted Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2015-03, Interest – Imputation of Interest (Subtopic 835-30) on January 1, 2016. ASU 2015-03 changes the presentation of debt issuance costs in the financial statements to present such costs as a direct deduction from the related debt liability rather than as an asset. These costs continue to be amortized into interest expense. In order to conform to the current period presentation, approximately $4.8 million of debt issuance costs, which were previously presented within deferred financing costs, net, in the condensed consolidated balance sheet at December 31, 2015, have been reclassified to be presented as a direct deduction of mortgages payable.

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. The update outlines a single comprehensive model for entities to use in accounting for revenue arising from contracts with customers and supersedes most current revenue recognition guidance, including industry-specific guidance. The accounting update will become effective for accounting periods beginning after December 15, 2017 and for interim periods within those fiscal years, with early adoption permitted for periods beginning after December 15, 2016. The Company is currently assessing the impact this new guidance may have on the Company’s operations and financial results.

In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-08, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Principal versus Agent Considerations (Reporting Revenue Gross versus Net). ASU 2016-08 does not change the core principle of the guidance stated in ASU 2014-09, instead, the amendments in this ASU are intended to improve the operability and understandability of the implementation guidance on principal versus agent considerations and whether an entity reports revenue on a gross or net basis. ASU 2016-08 will have the same effective date and transition requirements as the new revenue standard issued in ASU 2014-09. The Company is currently assessing the impact this new guidance may have on the Company’s operations and financial results.

 

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In August 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-15, Presentation of Financial Statements – Going Concern. The ASU requires management to evaluate relevant conditions, events and certain management plans that are known or reasonably knowable as of the evaluation date when determining whether substantial doubt about an entity’s ability to continue as a going concern exists. Management will be required to make this evaluation for both annual and interim reporting periods. The standard states substantial doubt exists when relevant conditions and events, considered in the aggregate, indicate that it is probable that the entity will be unable to meet its obligations as they become due within one year after the date that the financial statements are issued. An entity must provide certain disclosures if conditions or events raise substantial doubt about the entity’s ability to continue as a going concern. The Company will be required to apply the provisions of ASU 2014-15 for accounting periods beginning after December 15, 2016 and for interim periods within those fiscal years.

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases. The new standard introduces a new lessee model which requires that substantially all leases be recorded on the balance sheet. The Company will be required to apply the provisions of ASU 2016-02 for accounting periods beginning after December 15, 2018 and for interim periods within those fiscal years. Earlier application is permitted. The Company is currently assessing the impact this new guidance may have on the Company’s operations and financial results.

In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-15, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments. ASU 2016-15 reduces the existing diversity in practice in financial reporting across all industries by clarifying certain existing principles in Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 230, Statement of Cash Flows, including providing additional guidance on how and what an entity should consider in determining the classification of certain cash flows. The Company will be required to apply the provisions of ASU 2016-15 for accounting periods beginning after December 15, 2017 and for interim periods within those fiscal years. Earlier application is permitted. The Company is currently assessing the impact this new guidance may have on the Company’s operations and financial results.

In October 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-16, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Intra-Entity Transfers of Assets Other Than Inventory. ASU 2016-16 requires an entity to recognize the income tax consequences of an intra-entity transfer of an asset other than inventory when the transfer occurs, as opposed to waiting until the asset is sold to an outside party. The Company will be required to apply the provisions of ASU 2016-16 for accounting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim reporting periods within those fiscal years. Earlier application is permitted. The Company is currently assessing the impact this new guidance may have on the Company’s operations and financial results.

3. Investment in Real Estate, net

Investment in real estate, net as of September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015 consisted of the following (in thousands):

 

     September 30,      December 31,  
     2016      2015  

Land and Improvements

   $ 146,220       $ 154,855   

Building and Improvements

     778,833         835,335   

Furniture, Fixtures and Equipment

     55,444         49,020   

Construction in Progress

     22,131         21,345   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     1,002,628         1,060,555   

Less: Accumulated Depreciation

     (92,733      (73,915
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Investment in Real Estate, net

   $ 909,895       $ 986,640   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

4. Sale of Hotel Properties

During the nine months ended September 30, 2016, the Company sold two hotels as summarized below (in thousands):

 

Hotel

   Proceeds      Loss  

Marriott—Boulder, Colorado

   $ 59,349       ($ 1,505

Hilton Garden Inn—Fredericksburg, Virginia

     15,208         (837
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 74,557       ($ 2,342
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

The Company received proceeds of $74.6 million, which are net of setting costs of $2.4 million. The loss on sale of hotel properties in the condensed consolidated statements of operations of $2.3 million includes $0.1 million of deferred financing costs allocated to the hotel properties sold.

 

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5. Mortgages Payable

Mortgages payable as of September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015 consisted of the following (in thousands):

 

     September 30,      December 31,  
     2016      2015  

Mortgages payable before unamortized deferred financing costs

   $ 793,229       $ 847,032   

Unamortized deferred financing costs

     (884      (4,763
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Mortgages payable

   $ 792,345       $ 842,269   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

On December 3, 2014, certain indirect wholly-owned subsidiaries (the “Borrowers”) of the Company entered into a loan agreement (the “Loan Agreement”) with commercial lenders (collectively, the “Lenders”), pursuant to which the Borrowers obtained an $830 million mortgage loan from the Lenders (the “Loan”). The Loan is secured by first-priority, cross-collateralized mortgage liens on 59 of the 60 properties owned or ground-leased by certain subsidiaries of the Company, all related personal property, reserves, a pledge of all income received by the Borrowers with respect to the properties, a pledge of the ownership interests in the operating lessee and a security interest in a cash management account.

A portion of the proceeds from the Loan were used to repay the mortgage and mezzanine loans obtained on May 14, 2013 by the Borrowers, as well as certain indirect wholly-owned subsidiaries of the Company that own direct and indirect interests in the Borrowers (the “Mezzanine Borrowers”), in the aggregate original principal amount of $775 million and with an aggregate outstanding principal amount of $763.9 million as of the date of repayment. Accordingly, on December 3, 2014, the Borrowers and Mezzanine Borrowers repaid in full, cancelled and terminated their respective mortgage and mezzanine loan agreements outstanding at that date without any penalties incurred.

The initial interest rate of the Loan is equal to the one-month London interbank offered rate for deposits, or LIBOR, plus a margin rate of 2.80%. In connection with the Loan, the Borrowers entered into an interest rate cap agreement, which caps the base interest rate before applying the applicable margins on the Loan, for an aggregate notional amount of $830 million, a termination date of December 9, 2016 and a strike rate of 4.50%. The Loan is scheduled to mature on December 9, 2016, with an option for the Borrowers to extend the initial term for three one-year extension terms, subject to certain conditions. The Company notified the Lenders in October 2016 that it has exercised the first of three one-year extensions permissible per the Loan Agreement, to extend the maturity date of the Loan to December 9, 2017. The Loan is not subject to any mandatory principal amortization.

The Loan contains various representations and warranties, as well as certain financial, operating and other covenants that will among other things, limit the Company’s ability to:

 

    incur additional secured or unsecured indebtedness;

 

    make cash distributions at any time that the debt yield, representing the quotient (expressed as a percentage) calculated by dividing the annualized net operating income of the properties subject to the Loan by the outstanding principal amount of the indebtedness under the Loan, is less than 7.50% during the first four years of the Loan and 7.75% during the fifth year of the Loan or if there is a default continuing under the Loan, until such time as the debt yield is equal to or greater than 7.50% during the first four years of the Loan and 7.75% during the fifth year of the Loan or the Loan default has been cured;

 

    make investments or acquisitions;

 

    use assets as security in other transactions;

 

    sell assets (except that the Borrowers are permitted to sell assets so long as the debt yield is not reduced, subject to payment of applicable prepayment premiums and other property release requirements);

 

    guarantee other indebtedness; and

 

    consolidate, merge or transfer all or substantially all of the Company’s assets.

Defaults under the Loan include, among other things, the failure to pay interest or principal when due, material misrepresentations, transfers of the underlying security for the Loan without any required consent from the Lender, defaults under certain agreements relating to the properties, including franchise and management agreements, bankruptcy of a Borrower or any guarantor of the Loan, failure to maintain required insurance and a failure to observe other covenants under the Loan, in each case subject to any applicable cure rights. The Borrowers may prepay the Loan, in whole or in part, at any time without any prepayment penalty or fee.

 

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In addition, the applicable Borrowers for the Loan and BSHH LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (the “Guarantor”) and an affiliate of BRE Holdings, will have recourse liability under the Loan for certain matters typical of a transaction of this type, including, without limitation, relating to losses arising out of actions by the Borrower, Guarantor, Sponsor or their respective affiliates controlled by the Sponsor which constitute fraud, intentional misrepresentation, misappropriation of funds (including insurance proceeds), removal or disposal of any property after an event of default under the Loan, a material violation of the due on sale/encumbrance covenants set forth in the loan agreements, willful misconduct that results in waste to any property and any material modification or voluntary termination of a ground lease without the Lender’s prior written consent if required under the loan agreements. The Borrowers will also have recourse liability for the Loan in the event any security instrument or loan agreement is deemed a fraudulent conveyance or a preference, and the Borrowers and the Guarantor will have recourse liability for the Loan in the event of a voluntary or collusive involuntary bankruptcy of any Borrower or any operating lessee of the properties or in the event Borrower, Guarantor, Sponsor or their respective affiliates controlled by the Sponsor consents to or joins in the application for the appointment of a custodian, receiver, trustee or examiner of any Borrower or the operating lessee of any of the properties or any property, provided, however, the liability of the Guarantor described in this sentence shall not exceed 15% of the principal amount of the Loan outstanding at the time the event occurred.

Concurrent with the execution of the documents reflecting the Loan, the Company executed an Indemnity Agreement in favor of the Guarantor pursuant to which the Company agrees to indemnify and hold the Guarantor harmless from any losses incurred by the Guarantor pursuant to the terms of the guaranty executed by the Guarantor in favor of the Lenders in connection with the Loan.

Deferred financing costs consist of amounts paid for direct and indirect costs associated with the origination of the Loan. Deferred financing costs were $0.9 million and $4.8 million as of September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively, and are presented as a direct deduction of mortgages payable on the condensed consolidated balance sheets. Such costs are amortized on a straight-line basis (which approximates the effective interest method) over the term of the related debt.

As part of the Merger, the Company assumed an existing loan with a commercial lender secured by the Company’s Fort Worth, Texas Residence Inn property. The loan matures on October 6, 2022 and carries a fixed interest rate of 4.73%. The outstanding principal balance was $16.7 million and $17.0 million as of September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively, and is included in mortgages payable in the condensed consolidated balance sheets.

Components of interest expense for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 were as follows (in thousands):

 

     For the three months ended September 30,      For the nine months ended September 30,  
     2016      2015      2016      2015  

Mortgage debt

   $ 7,020       $ 6,567       $ 20,971       $ 19,410   

Amortization of deferred financing costs

     1,274         1,274         3,794         3,780   

Capitalized interest

     (91      (70      (268      (301
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total interest expense, net

   $ 8,203       $ 7,771       $ 24,497       $ 22,889   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Future scheduled principal payments of debt obligations (assuming exercise of first extension option under the Loan Agreement) as of September 30, 2016 are as follows (in thousands):

 

2016 (remaining months)

   $ 113   

2017

     776,989   

2018

     487   

2019

     510   

2020

     533   

Thereafter

     14,597   
  

 

 

 

Total

   $ 793,229   
  

 

 

 

6. Fair Value of Financial Instruments

In accordance with the authoritative guidance on fair value measurements and disclosures, the Company measures nonfinancial assets and liabilities subject to nonrecurring measurement and financial assets and liabilities subject to recurring measurement based on a hierarchy that prioritizes inputs to valuation techniques used to measure the fair value. Inputs used in determining fair value should be from the highest level available in the following hierarchy:

Level 1 — Inputs based on quoted market prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the reporting entity has the ability to access.

 

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Level 2 — Inputs based on quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities, quoted market prices in markets that are not active, or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities.

Level 3 — Inputs are unobservable for the asset or liability and typically based on an entity’s own assumptions as there is little, if any, related market activity.

Determining estimated fair values of the Company’s financial instruments such as mortgages payable requires considerable judgment to interpret market data. The market assumptions and/or estimation methodologies used may have a material effect on estimated fair value amounts. Accordingly, the estimates presented are not necessarily indicative of the amounts by which these instruments could be purchased, sold, or settled.

The table excludes cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, due from third party managers, net, accounts payable and accrued expenses, and due to third party managers, net, all of which had fair values approximating their carrying amounts due to the short maturities and liquidity of these instruments. Carrying amounts and estimated fair values of financial instruments, for periods indicated, were as follows (in thousands):

 

     September 30, 2016      December 31, 2015  
     Carrying
Value
     Estimated
Fair Value
     Carrying
Value
     Estimated
Fair Value
 

Financial liabilities not measured at fair value:

           

Mortgages payable

   $ 793,229       $ 793,516       $ 847,032       $ 846,684   

Mortgages payable – For fixed rate mortgage payable, fair value is calculated by discounting the future cash flows of each instrument at estimated market rates of debt obligations with similar maturities and credit profiles or quality. This is considered a Level 3 valuation technique. The estimated fair value of the mortgages payable in the table above includes the estimated fair value of the mortgage loan secured by the Company’s Fort Worth, Texas Residence Inn property, and the Company’s carrying value of the Loan. The fair value of the Loan cannot be reasonably estimated because it is not readily determinable without undue cost.

Impairment of investment in real estate – The impairment determinations for both the Hilton Garden Inn – Fredericksburg, Virginia property and Marriott – Boulder, Colorado property during the nine months ended September 30, 2016 described in Note 2 were based on Level 2 fair value measurements.

7. Commitments and Contingencies

Insurance – The Company carries comprehensive insurance, including general liability, property, rental loss and umbrella liability coverage on all of its hotels. In addition, the Company carries flood coverage on certain hotels when available on commercially reasonable terms for hotels where we believe such coverage is warranted or required under the terms of the Loan. On June 5, 2015, the Company evacuated and temporarily closed the Homewood Suites in Fort Worth, Texas due to damage incurred from extensive flooding in the area during late May 2015. Remediation work was started immediately, and the hotel reopened on October 27, 2015. Insurance receivable related to fiscal year 2015 property insurance claims totaled $5.1 million and $6.5 million as of September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively. The Company collected $0.2 million and $1.4 million of the insurance receivable during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016, respectively. The estimated insurance recoveries are preliminary, subject to final settlement of the respective claims with the Company’s insurance providers. As of September 30, 2016, the total estimated insurance recoveries are probable, and the collectability of the insurance receivable at September 30, 2016 is reasonably assured.

Litigation – The Company is subject to various legal proceedings, claims and administrative proceedings arising in the ordinary course of business, some of which are expected to be covered by liability insurance. Management makes assumptions and estimates concerning the likelihood and amount of any potential loss relating to these matters using the latest information available. The Company records a liability for litigation if an unfavorable outcome is probable and the amount of loss or range of loss can be reasonably estimated. If an unfavorable outcome is probable and a reasonable estimate of the loss is a range, the Company accrues the best estimate within the range. If no amount within the range is a better estimate than any other amount, the Company accrues the minimum amount within the range. If an unfavorable outcome is probable but the amount of the loss cannot be reasonably estimated, the Company discloses the nature of the litigation and indicates that an estimate of the loss or range of loss cannot be made. If an unfavorable outcome is reasonably possible and the estimated loss is material, the Company discloses the nature and estimate of the possible loss of the litigation. The Company does not disclose information with respect to litigation where an unfavorable outcome is considered to be remote or where the estimated loss would not be material. Based on current expectations, such matters, both individually and in the aggregate, are not expected to have a material adverse effect on the liquidity, results of operations, business or financial condition of the Company.

 

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Franchise Agreements – As of September 30, 2016, the Company’s hotel properties, other than the Courtyard in Myrtle Beach, South Carolina, the SpringHill Suites in Fort Worth, Texas and the Marriott in Redmond, Washington, (the “Marriott Managed Properties”) were operated under franchise agreements between the Company’s TRS and Marriott or Hilton Worldwide Holdings Inc. or its affiliates (“Hilton”). The franchise agreements for these hotels allow the properties to operate under the brand identified in the applicable franchise agreements. The management agreements for each of the Marriott Managed Properties allow the Marriott Managed Properties to operate under the brand identified therein. Pursuant to the franchise agreements, the Company pays a royalty fee, generally between 4.5% and 6.0% of room revenue, which is included in franchise fees in the condensed consolidated statements of operations. Program fees, which include additional fees for marketing, are included in sales and marketing expense, and central reservation system and other franchisor costs are included in operating expense in the condensed consolidated statements of operations.

Management Agreements – As of September 30, 2016, each of the Company’s 60 hotels were operated and managed under separate management agreements, by affiliates of the following companies: Marriott, Texas Western Hospitality (“Western”), Larry Blumberg & Associates (“LBA”), White Lodging Services Corporation (“White”), Inn Ventures, Inc. (“Inn Ventures”), Interstate Hotels & Resorts, Inc. (“Interstate”), OTO Development, LLC (“OTO”), or Sage Hospitality (“Sage”). The management agreements require the Company to pay a monthly fee calculated as a percentage of revenues, generally between 2.0% - 7.0%, as well as annual incentive fees, if applicable, and are included in management fees in the condensed consolidated statements of operations. The agreements have remaining terms generally ranging from less than one to 18 years. The agreements with less than one year remaining in their term generally automatically renew on annual or month-to-month terms unless either party to the agreement gives prior notice of the termination thereof. If the Company terminates a management agreement prior to its expiration, it may be liable for estimated management fees through the remaining term and liquidated damages. Additionally, the Company, from time to time, enters into management agreements to manage retail premises ancillary to its hotels.

TRS Lease Agreements – The Company’s lease agreements are intercompany agreements between the TRS lessees and our property-owning subsidiaries. These agreements generally contain terms which are customary for third-party lease agreements, including terms for rent payments and other expenses. All related rental income and expense related to the TRS lease agreements eliminate on a consolidated basis, and therefore have no impact on the condensed consolidated financial statements.

Ground Leases – As of September 30, 2016, four of the Company’s hotel properties had ground leases with remaining terms ranging from two to eight years, which may be extended at the Company’s election. Two properties, the Courtyard in Tuscaloosa, Alabama and the Fairfield Inn in Tuscaloosa, Alabama, are leased to the Company pursuant to a single ground lease. The ground lease for the Residence Inn in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania originated at the time of the Merger and has a term of 17 years. Payments under this lease are payable to a subsidiary of the Company and, therefore eliminated in consolidation and excluded from the table below. Each of the remaining two leases has the option for the Company to extend the lease. The Residence Inn in Portland, Oregon has a lease for parking space which is included in the table below. Ground lease expenses totaled $0.1 million and $0.2 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively, and are included in taxes, insurance and other in the condensed consolidated statements of operations. The aggregate amounts of minimum lease payments under these lease agreements for the five years subsequent to September 30, 2016 and thereafter are as follows (in thousands):

 

2016 (remaining months)

   $ 69   

2017

     240   

2018

     206   

2019

     206   

2020

     144   

Thereafter

     281   
  

 

 

 

Total

   $ 1,146   
  

 

 

 

8. 7% Series A Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock

In connection with the Merger, the Company issued 97,032,848 shares of Series A Preferred Stock. The terms of these shares provide the Company with the right to redeem such shares at any time for an amount equal to the liquidation preference, plus any accumulated and unpaid dividends. In addition, the terms of these shares include an option for a holder of such shares to require the Company to redeem all or a portion of such holder’s shares on or after November 14, 2020 for an amount equal to the liquidation preference, plus any accumulated and unpaid dividends. The initial dividend rate on these shares is 7% per annum. The dividend rate will increase to 9% per annum if dividends are not paid in cash for more than six quarters, and to 11% per annum if they are not redeemed after the earlier of certain change of control events and May 14, 2018. Due to the put option provided to the holders of these shares, such shares have been classified outside permanent shareholder’s equity.

On December 31, 2014, approximately $47.5 million of the proceeds of the Loan were used to redeem 24,650,000 shares of the Series A Preferred Stock. Shares were redeemed on a pro rata basis from each shareholder at a redemption price of $1.9281 per share, which was comprised of the $1.90 liquidation preference per share plus $0.0281 in accumulated and unpaid dividends earned through the December 31, 2014 redemption date.

 

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On September 30, 2013, BRE Holdings purchased approximately 2.0 million shares of the Series A Preferred Stock for $1.30 per share as part of a tender offer extended to all shareholders. As of September 30, 2016, BRE Holdings owned approximately 1.5 million shares of the Series A Preferred Stock due to the redemption.

On March 23, 2016, the Board of Directors of the Company declared a dividend on the Series A Preferred Stock of $0.0333 per share, which was paid on April 15, 2016 to shareholders of record on April 1, 2016. On June 23, 2016, the Board of Directors of the Company declared a dividend on the Series A Preferred Stock of $0.0333 per share, which was paid on July 15, 2016 to shareholders of record on July 1, 2016. On September 23, 2016, the Board of Directors of the Company declared a dividend on the Series A Preferred Stock of $0.0333 per share, which was paid on October 17, 2016 to shareholders of record on October 1, 2016. As of September 30, 2016, the Company accrued $2.4 million for this dividend, which is included in accounts payable and accrued expenses in the condensed consolidated balance sheet.

9. Shareholder’s Equity

The Company is authorized to issue 150,100,000 shares of capital stock pursuant to its Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation, consisting of (i) 100,000 shares of common stock, par value $0.01 per share, and (ii) 150,000,000 shares of preferred stock, par value $0.0001 per share.

Holders of the Company’s common stock are entitled to one vote for each share of common stock held. At September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, there were 100 shares of common stock issued and outstanding.

On February 16, 2016, the Board of Directors of the Company declared a dividend on its common stock of $90,000 per share, which was paid on February 17, 2016. On May 10, 2016, the Board of Directors of the Company declared a dividend on its common stock of $100,000 per share, which was paid on May 11, 2016. On August 10, 2016, the Board of Directors of the Company declared a dividend on its common stock of $110,000 per share, which was paid on August 11, 2016. On September 19, 2016, the Board of Directors of the Company declared a dividend on its common stock of $150,000 per share, which was paid on September 20, 2016.

10. Income Taxes

The Company accounts for TRS income taxes using the asset and liability method. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the estimated future tax consequences attributable to the differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. The analysis utilized by the Company in determining the deferred tax valuation allowance involves considerable management judgment and assumptions. For the three months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, the Company recorded $2.3 million and $3.5 million of income tax expense, respectively. For the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, the Company recorded $2.3 million and $3.7 million of income tax expense, respectively. The income tax expense for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 is comprised of federal and state income taxes. The income tax expense for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 includes a discrete income tax benefit of $1.2 million and $1.3 million, respectively, due to the contributions of certain investments in real estate from the REIT to certain TRS during the periods.

11. Related Party Transactions

The Sponsor and its affiliates are in the business of making investments in companies and real estate assets and currently own, and may, from time to time acquire and hold, in each case, interests in businesses or assets that compete directly or indirectly with the Company. In addition, certain affiliates of the Sponsor have significant influence over Hilton, which indirectly owns the entities that serve as franchisors and receive franchise fees for 26 of the hotels owned by the Company. In accordance with the Company’s certificate of incorporation, the Sponsor has no obligation to present any corporate opportunities to the Company or to conduct its other business and investment affairs in the best interests of the Company, common stockholders, or holders of Series A Preferred Shares. In connection with the Sponsor’s and its affiliates’ business activities, the Sponsor, BRE Holdings or any of their affiliates, including, without limitation, Hilton or its subsidiaries, may from time to time enter into arrangements with the Company or its subsidiaries. These arrangements may be subject to restrictions on affiliate transactions contained in agreements entered into in connection with the Loan. The Company incurred $5.0 million and $5.8 million of franchise fees, marketing fees and other expenses during the three months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively, under agreements with Hilton or its subsidiaries. The Company incurred $13.4 million and $14.3 million of franchise fees, marketing fees and other expenses during the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively, under agreements with Hilton or its subsidiaries. In addition, the Company uses Hilton to procure select capital improvements for its hotels. Under this arrangement, the Company paid Hilton $0.3 million during the three months ended September 30, 2015 and $3.4 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2015. No amounts were paid to Hilton during the three or nine months ended September 30, 2016 and no amounts were outstanding to Hilton as of September 30, 2016 or December 31, 2015.

 

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A management company provides services to the Company including financial, accounting, administrative and other services that may be requested from time to time pursuant to a corporate services agreement. Affiliates of the Sponsor hold a management interest in this management company. The Company paid $0.5 million and $0.8 million to this management company during the three months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively, and $1.5 million and $1.6 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively. In addition, the Company owed this management company $0 and $0.1 million as of September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively, which is included in accounts payable and accrued expenses in the condensed consolidated balance sheets.

 

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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

In this report, the terms “the Company,” “we” or “our” refer to BRE Select Hotels Corp, together with its wholly-owned subsidiaries.

Forward-Looking Statements

This quarterly report contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). Forward-looking statements are typically identified by use of terms such as “may,” “believe,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “estimate,” “project,” “target,” “goal,” “plan,” “should,” “will,” “predict,” “potential,” “forecast” and similar expressions that convey the uncertainty of future events or outcomes. Such statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties, and other factors which may cause the actual results, performance, or achievements of the Company to be materially different from future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Such factors include, but are not limited to, the ability of the Company to implement its acquisition strategy and operating strategy; the Company’s ability to manage planned growth; changes in economic cycles; risks associated with the Company’s indebtedness; financing risks; regulatory proceedings or inquiries; changes in laws or regulations or interpretations of current laws and regulations that impact the Company’s business, assets or classification as a real estate investment trust; competition within the hotel and real estate industry; risks associated with the Company’s legal proceedings; and the factors discussed in the sections entitled “Risk Factors” in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed on March 18, 2016 (the “Form 10-K”) and in this report. Although the Company believes that the assumptions underlying the forward-looking statements contained herein are reasonable, any of the assumptions could be inaccurate, and therefore there can be no assurance that such statements included in the quarterly report will prove to be accurate. In light of the significant uncertainties inherent in the forward-looking statements included herein, the inclusion of such information should not be regarded as a representation by the Company or any other person that the results or conditions described in such statements or the objectives and plans of the Company will be achieved. In addition, the Company’s qualification as a real estate investment trust (“REIT”) involves the application of highly technical and complex provisions of the Internal Revenue Code. Readers should carefully review the Company’s financial statements and the notes thereto, as well as the risk factors described in the Company’s filings with the SEC. Any forward-looking statement that the Company makes speaks only as of the date of this report. The Company undertakes no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements or cautionary factors as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law.

Overview

We were formed to invest in income-producing real estate in the United States through the acquisition of Apple Six. On May 14, 2013, we completed the acquisition of Apple Six (the “Merger”) pursuant to the Merger Agreement, by and between us, BRE Holdings and Apple Six, pursuant to which Apple Six merged with and into us. As of September 30, 2016, we owned 60 hotels located in 17 states with an aggregate of 7,041 rooms.

Our strategy is to own primarily premium branded select service hotels, concentrated in markets that offer multiple demand generators and high barriers to entry. We believe that premium branded select service hotels offer attractive returns in their ability to generate high RevPAR levels, combined with an efficient operating model to control costs and generate positive cash flows. All 60 of our hotel properties are Hilton or Marriott branded properties.

We actively monitor the profitability of our properties and aim to maximize shareholder value by evaluating opportunities to acquire or dispose of properties. As such, the composition and size of our hotel portfolio may change materially over time.

We are cautiously optimistic that both the hotel industry and our portfolio will achieve moderate growth in the upcoming quarters, due to forecasted growth in the U.S. economy along with continued expected increased demand versus available supply. In addition, the renovations we started in 2014 for many of our hotels remains ongoing in 2016. The resulting property improvements are expected to further improve our financial results through increased room rates at our properties.

We have elected to be taxed as a real estate investment trust, or REIT, for federal income tax purposes. In order to qualify as a REIT, we must meet a number of organizational and operational requirements, including a requirement that we distribute at least 90% of our adjusted taxable income to our shareholders, subject to certain adjustments and excluding any net capital gain. In addition, as a REIT

 

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we are not permitted to operate or manage our hotels. Accordingly, all of our hotels are leased to our property-owning subsidiaries and are operated pursuant to hotel management agreements between our TRS lessees and unaffiliated third party hotel management companies as follows:

 

Management Company

   Number of
Hotels
     Number of
Rooms
 

Inn Ventures, Inc.

     10         1,493   

Interstate Hotels & Resorts, Inc.

     10         1,134   

Larry Blumberg & Associates

     14         1,106   

White Lodging Services Corporation

     8         1,002   

Texas Western Hospitality

     8         965   

Marriott International, Inc.

     3         542   

OTO Development, LLC

     5         496   

Sage Hospitality

     2         303   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

     60         7,041   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

We currently intend to adhere to these requirements to qualify for REIT status. There can be no assurance that we will qualify as a REIT for any particular year, however. If we fail to qualify as a REIT for any taxable year, we would be subject to federal income tax at corporate rates and distributions to our shareholders would not qualify for the dividends paid deduction. This tax liability would reduce net earnings available for distribution to our shareholders. In addition, we would generally be disqualified from treatment as a REIT for the year in which we lose our REIT status and for the four taxable years following such year.

Recent Events

In August 2016, we sold the Marriott – Boulder, Colorado and the Hilton Garden Inn – Fredericksburg, Virginia properties (“Sold Properties”).

On June 5, 2015, we evacuated and temporarily closed the Homewood Suites in Fort Worth, Texas due to damage incurred from extensive flooding in the area during late May 2015. Remediation work was started immediately, and the hotel reopened on October 27, 2015. For the year ended December 31, 2015, we recorded a total estimated loss due to property damage of $1.7 million, net of estimated property insurance recoveries of $8.6 million for this hotel and three other properties in Texas also impacted by the May 2015 flooding but which did not result in the temporary closures of these properties. Insurance receivable related to fiscal year 2015 property insurance claims totaled $5.1 million and $6.5 million as of September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively. We collected $0.2 million and $1.4 million of the insurance receivable during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016. The estimated insurance recoveries are preliminary, subject to final settlement of the respective claims with our insurance providers.

Our Hotel Portfolio

As of September 30, 2016 we owned 60 hotels with an aggregate of 7,041 rooms located in 17 states. The following tables summarize the hotels and rooms by brand and by state:

 

Number of Hotels and Guest Rooms by Brand

 

Brand Affiliation

   Number of
Hotels
     Number of
Rooms
 

Marriott

     

Residence Inn

     10         1,247   

Courtyard

     10         990   

TownePlace Suites

     5         645   

SpringHill Suites

     5         579   

Marriott

     1         262   

Fairfield Inn

     3         204   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Subtotal

     34         3,927   

Hilton

     

Hilton Garden Inn

     13         1,645   

Hampton Inn / Hampton Inn & Suites

     7         757   

Homewood Suites

     6         712   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Subtotal

     26         3,114   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

     60         7,041   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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Number of Hotels and Guest Rooms by State

 

State

   Number of
Hotels
     Number of
Rooms
 

Texas

     10         1,247   

California

     9         1,078   

Washington

     4         692   

Oregon

     4         671   

Florida

     8         660   

Alabama

     6         461   

Alaska

     3         348   

Connecticut

     3         319   

Colorado

     2         303   

Georgia

     3         246   

New Jersey

     2         246   

Pennsylvania

     1         156   

North Carolina

     1         147   

South Carolina

     1         135   

Tennessee

     1         121   

New York

     1         112   

Arizona

     1         99   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

     60         7,041   

Key Indicators of Operating Performance

We use a variety of operating information and metrics to evaluate the operating performance of our hotels. These key indicators include financial information that is prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP, along with other non-U.S. GAAP financial measures. In addition, we use industry standard statistical information and comparative data, some of which may not be financial in nature. In evaluating financial condition and operating performance, the most important indicators that we focus on are:

 

    Occupancy – Occupancy represents the total number of hotel rooms sold in a given period divided by the total number of hotel rooms available, and is a key measure of the utilization of our hotels’ available capacity. Occupancy is a major driver of room revenue, as well as other revenue categories including food and beverage revenues. We use occupancy as a primary measure of demand at each of our hotels during a given period of time. Occupancy also guides us in determining achievable levels of average daily rate (“ADR”). Fluctuations in occupancy are accompanied by fluctuations in most categories of variable operating costs, such as utility cost and certain labor costs such as housekeeping, resulting in varying levels of hotel profitability.

 

    Average Daily Rate (ADR) – ADR represents the average room price at a hotel or group of hotels and is computed by dividing total hotel room revenues by the total number of rooms sold in a given period. ADR trends provide information concerning the customer base and pricing environment at our hotels. Increases in ADR typically result in higher operating margins and overall profitability, since variable hotel expenses do not increase correspondingly. As a result, ADR trends are carefully monitored to manage pricing levels.

 

    Revenue per Available Room (RevPAR) – RevPAR is the product of occupancy and ADR. It does not include non-room revenues such as food and beverage revenue or other ancillary revenues for guest services provided by the hotel. We use RevPAR to identify trend information for comparable properties and regions.

RevPAR Index is another commonly used metric in the lodging industry, and measures each hotel’s market share in relation to its competitive set with 100 being the average (the index excludes hotels under renovation) and is provided by Smith Travel Research, Inc.®, an independent company that tracks historical hotel performance in most markets throughout the world. The RevPAR Index for a particular hotel is calculated as the quotient of (1) the subject hotel’s RevPAR divided by (2) the average RevPAR of the hotels in the subject’s competitive set, multiplied by 100.

One critical component of this calculation is the determination of a hotel’s competitive set, which consists of a small group of hotels within its relevant market. We work with each hotel’s management company to assess and agree on each hotel’s competitive set. Many factors are involved in determining each hotel’s competitive set, including geographic location, brand affiliation, and comparable service levels provided.

 

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Results of Operations

Results of Operations for the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 (in thousands):

 

     Three Months
Ended
September 30, 2016
     Percent of
Revenue
    Three Months
Ended
September 30, 2015
     Percent of
Revenue
 

Total hotel revenue

     79,885         100   $ 82,126         100

Hotel operating expenses

     41,831         52     42,598         52

Taxes, insurance and other expense

     4,249         5     3,970         5

General and administrative expense

     1,438         2     1,214         1

Depreciation

     9,160           8,658      

Impairment of investment in real estate

     —             —        

Loss on sale of hotel properties

     2,342           —        

Loss on disposals of investment in real estate

     —             1,506      

Interest expense, net

     8,203           7,771      

Loss on derivatives

     —             4      

Income tax expense

     2,256           3,473      

 

     Nine Months
Ended
September 30, 2016
     Percent of
Revenue
    Nine Months
Ended
September 30, 2015
     Percent of
Revenue
 

Total hotel revenue

   $ 225,791         100   $ 221,749         100

Hotel operating expenses

     120,978         54     119,655         54

Taxes, insurance and other expense

     11,768         5     11,417         5

General and administrative expense

     3,988         2     3,379         2

Depreciation

     29,509           24,367      

Impairment of investment in real estate

     8,507           —        

Loss on sale of hotel properties

     2,342           —        

Loss on disposals of investment in real estate

     —             4,382      

Interest expense, net

     24,497           22,889      

Loss on derivatives

     —             57      

Income tax expense

     2,328           3,675      

Comparable Operating Metrics

The follow table reflects key operating metrics for our 60 hotels owned as of September 30, 2016 (“Comparable Properties”). We define Comparable Properties as the results generated by the 60 hotels owned as of the end of the reporting period.

 

     For the three months ended September 30,     For the nine months ended September 30,  

Statistical Data

   2016     2015     2016     2015  

Occupancy

     79.5     80.5     76.8     76.8

ADR

   $ 142.24      $ 143.09      $ 136.79      $ 134.65   

RevPAR

   $ 113.07      $ 115.12      $ 105.07      $ 103.47   

RevPAR Index

     116        116        116        117   

 

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Revenues

Our principal source of revenue is hotel revenue, consisting of room and other related revenue. For the three months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, we had total hotel revenue of $79.9 million and $82.1 million, respectively. The decline is largely due to $2.3 million in revenue attributable to the Sold Properties that was earned during the three months ended September 30, 2015 but not earned in 2016 due to the disposition of the Sold Properties in August 2016. For the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, we had total hotel revenue of $225.8 million and $221.7 million, respectively. The increase in revenues was largely attributable to a 1.6% increase in ADR and flat occupancy year over year at the Comparable Properties, offset by the decrease in revenue attributable to the Sold Properties as described above. The ADR increase was due to our ability to increase rates, in particular at our newly renovated properties, along with overall strong demand within the upscale limited service segment of the industry.

Expenses

Hotel operating expenses consist of direct room expense, hotel administrative expense, sales and marketing expense, utilities expense, repair and maintenance expense, franchise fees and management fees. For the three months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, hotel operating expenses totaled $41.8 million and $42.6 million, respectively, representing, 52% of total hotel revenue for each period. For the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, hotel operating expenses totaled $121.0 million and $119.7 million, respectively, representing, 54% of total hotel revenue for each period. Results for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 reflect the impact of our efforts to control costs. Certain operating costs, such as management costs, certain utility costs and minimum supply and maintenance costs, are relatively fixed in nature. We have implemented wide scale water efficiency and energy savings projects at many of our properties within the last year, which has resulted in lower utility expenses. Although operating expenses generally increase as occupancy and revenue increase, we have and expect to continue to work with our management companies to reduce costs as a percentage of revenue where possible while maintaining quality service levels at each property.

Taxes, insurance, and other expenses for the three months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 were $4.2 million and $4.0 million, respectively, or 5% of total hotel revenue for each period. Taxes, insurance, and other expenses for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 were $11.8 million and $11.4 million, respectively, or 5% of total hotel revenue for each period. We continued to experience increases in property taxes in 2016 as the economy has continued to improve, and localities have reassessed property values accordingly.

General and administrative expense for the three months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 was $1.4 million and $1.2 million, or 2% and 1% of total hotel revenue, respectively. General and administrative expense for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 was $4.0 million and $3.4 million, respectively, or 2% of total hotel revenue for each period. The principal components of general and administrative expense are advisory fees and expenses, legal fees, accounting fees and reporting expenses. The increase in 2016 compared to 2015 was due to higher advisory and legal fees due to the contribution of certain investments in real estate from the REIT to certain TRS during the periods.

Depreciation expense for the three months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 was $9.2 million and $8.7 million, respectively. Depreciation expense for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 was $29.5 million and $24.4 million, respectively. The increase in 2016 compared to 2015 was due to the increased renovation activity in 2014 and 2015 at our hotels, and resulting higher levels of fixed assets is expected to increase depreciation expense for the foreseeable future.

Interest expense, net for the three months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 was $8.2 million and $7.8 million, respectively. Interest expense, net for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 was $24.5 million and $22.9 million, respectively. The increase was due to the increase in LIBOR in 2016 compared to the prior year. We capitalized interest of $0.1 million in both the three months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, and $0.3 million and $0.2 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively, related to capital improvement projects at several of our hotels.

Non-U.S. GAAP Financial Measures

The two key non-U.S. GAAP financial measures that we use to evaluate our performance are EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA.

EBITDA – EBITDA is defined as net income or loss excluding interest, income taxes, and depreciation and amortization. We believe EBITDA is a useful measure to evaluate operating performance between periods, as it removes the impact of our capital structure (interest expense) and asset base (depreciation and amortization) from our operating results.

Adjusted EBITDA – We further adjust EBITDA for certain additional items, including impairment of investment in real estate, extinguishment of mortgages payable and mezzanine loans, gain or loss on sale of hotel properties, loss on disposals of investments in real estate, derivatives and merger transaction costs. We believe that Adjusted EBITDA provides additional useful supplemental information about our ongoing operating performance.

 

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Table of Contents

The following table is a reconciliation of our GAAP net income to EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 (in thousands):

 

     For the three months ended September 30,      For the nine months ended September 30,  
     2016      2015      2016      2015  

Net income

   $ 10,406       $ 12,932       $ 21,874       $ 31,928   

Depreciation and amortization

     9,160         8,658         29,509         24,367   

Interest expense, net

     8,203         7,771         24,497         22,889   

Income tax expense

     2,256         3,473         2,328         3,675   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

EBITDA

     30,025         32,834         78,208         82,859   

Impairment of investment in real estate

     —           —           8,507         —     

Loss on sale of hotel properties

     2,342         —           2,342         —     

Loss on disposals of investment in real estate

     —           1,506         —           4,382   

Loss on derivatives

     —           4         —           57   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Adjusted EBITDA

   $ 32,367       $ 34,344       $ 89,057       $ 87,298   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Operating cash flow from our hotel properties is our principal source of liquidity. We anticipate that our cash flows from operations will provide adequate capital for the next 12 months for all anticipated uses, including all scheduled principal and interest payments on our outstanding indebtedness, ongoing capital commitments to fund capital improvements, dividends on the Series A Preferred Stock, distributions necessary to maintain our qualification as a REIT and other capital obligations associated with conducting our business.

Net cash flows provided by operating activities for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 declined by $7.9 million compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2015, primarily due to both an increase in cash restricted for operating expenses due to the timing of deposits into our lender controlled cash management account and an increase in deferred tax assets during the nine months ended September 30, 2016 compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2015. Net cash flows provided by (used in) investing activities for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 increased by $66.3 million compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2015, due primarily to the $74.6 million in proceeds from the Sold Properties in 2016. This increase was partially offset by less capital improvements funded from cash restricted for property improvements in the nine months ended September 30, 2016 compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2015 because of a one-time deposit of $26.0 million funded into restricted cash in December 2014 in accordance with the terms of our mortgage payable, which was used to fund a portion of our 2015 capital expenditures. Net cash used in financing activities for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 increased by $70.5 million compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2015, due to repayment of $53.5 million of mortgage debt related to the Sold Properties along with increased dividends on our common stock paid during the nine months ended September 30, 2016 compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2015.

Mortgage Loans

On December 3, 2014, certain of our indirect wholly owned subsidiaries (the “Borrowers”) with commercial lenders (collectively, the “Lenders”) entered into a loan agreement, pursuant to which the Borrowers obtained an $830 million mortgage loan from the Lenders (the “Loan”). The Loan is secured by first-priority, cross-collateralized mortgage liens on 59 of the 60 properties owned or ground-leased by certain of our subsidiaries, all related personal property, reserves, a pledge of all income received by the Borrowers with respect to the properties, a pledge of the ownership interests in the operating lessee and a security interest in a cash management account. The Loan is scheduled to mature on December 9, 2016, and we have exercised the first of three one-year extensions permissible per the loan agreement, which will extend the maturity to December 9, 2017.

As of September 30, 2016, we had $792.3 million in mortgages payable, comprised of $776.5 million under the Loan, and $16.7 million secured by the Fort Worth, Texas Residence Inn property, offset by $0.9 million in deferred financing costs, net. In connection with the sales of the Marriott – Boulder, Colorado and Hilton Garden Inn – Fredericksburg, Virginia, we repaid $53.5 million of the Loan.

 

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Table of Contents

Capital Expenditures

We have ongoing capital commitments to fund capital improvements. We are required, under all of the hotel franchise agreements and under our loan agreements, to make a percentage of the gross revenues from each hotel available for the repair, replacement and refurbishing of furniture, fixtures, and equipment at such hotel, provided that under the loan agreements such amounts may be used for certain capital expenditures with respect to the hotels. Pursuant to the Loan, at closing we were required to make a one-time deposit $26.0 million into a restricted cash account which was used to fund a portion of our 2015 capital expenditures. In addition, we must deposit monthly in a lender escrow an amount equal to the sum of 4% to 5% of total revenue, excluding revenue from the Marriott managed hotels, per the terms of our franchise and management agreements. These funds can then be used for capital enhancements to the properties. We spent $31.1 million in capital improvements in the first nine months of this year, and expect to spend an additional $10.0 million on capital improvements during the remainder of this year.

Distributions

To qualify as a REIT, we are required to distribute at least 90% of our ordinary income to our stockholders. We intend to adhere to these distribution and the other requirements to qualify for REIT status.

BRE Holdings owns 100% of our issued and outstanding common stock. In 2015, dividends on our common stock were paid in May, August and December. On February 17, 2016, we paid a dividend on our common stock of $90,000 per share. On May 11, 2016, we paid a dividend on our common stock of $100,000 per share. On August 11, 2016, we paid a dividend on our common stock of $110,000 per share. On September 20, 2016, we paid a dividend on our common stock of $150,000 per share. Any decision to declare and pay dividends on our common stock in the future will be made at the sole discretion of our Board of Directors and will depend on, among other things, our results of operations, cash requirements, financial condition, contractual restrictions and other factors that our Board of Directors may deem relevant.

In 2015, dividends on the Series A Preferred Stock were paid in January, April, July, and October. On January 15, 2016, we paid a dividend on our Series A Preferred Stock of $0.0333 per share to shareholders of record on January 1, 2016. On March 23, 2016, our Board of Directors declared a dividend for the Series A Preferred Stock of $0.0333 per share, which was paid on April 15, 2016 to shareholders of record on April 1, 2016. On June 23, 2016, our Board of Directors declared a dividend for the Series A Preferred Stock of $0.0333 per share, which was paid on July 15, 2016 to shareholders of record on July 1, 2016. On September 23, 2016, our Board of Directors declared a dividend for the Series A Preferred Stock of $0.0333 per share, which was paid on October 15, 2016 to shareholders of record on October 1, 2016.

Dividends for the Series A Preferred Stock are anticipated to be paid quarterly in January, April, July and October each year.

Repurchases

We and our affiliates and/or our stockholder and its respective affiliates, may from time to time repurchase our outstanding Series A Preferred Stock or debt through open market purchases, privately negotiated transactions or otherwise. Purchases or retirement of our Series A Preferred Stock or debt, if any, will depend on prevailing market conditions, liquidity requirements, contractual restrictions, and other factors. The amounts involved may be material.

Contractual Obligations

Our contractual obligations have not changed significantly from those disclosed in Part II, Item 7 “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations — Contractual Obligations” of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2015.

Impact of Inflation

Operators of hotels, in general, possess the ability to adjust room rates daily to reflect the effects of inflation. Competitive pressures may, however, limit the operators’ ability to raise room rates. Currently the Company is not experiencing any material impact from inflation.

Insurance

We carry comprehensive insurance, including general liability, property, rental loss and umbrella liability coverage on all of our hotels. In addition, we carry flood coverage on certain hotels when available on commercially reasonable terms for hotels where we believe such coverage is warranted or required under the terms of our debt agreements. We have selected policy specifications and insured limits which we believe to be appropriate given the relative risk of loss, the cost of the coverage and industry practice, and as such believe our hotels are adequately insured.

 

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Table of Contents

Seasonality

Demand in the lodging industry is impacted by recurring seasonal patterns. For properties located in non-resort markets, demand is generally lower in the winter months due to decreased travel and higher in the spring and summer months during peak travel season. Accordingly, we expect that we will have lower revenue, operating income and cash flow in the first and fourth quarters, and higher revenue, operating income and cash flow in the second and third quarters. To the extent that cash flow from operations is insufficient during any quarter, due to temporary or seasonal fluctuations in revenue, we expect to utilize cash on hand or, if necessary, any available other financing sources to make distributions to shareholders.

Critical Accounting Policies

There have been no significant changes in our critical accounting policies or estimates from those disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2015.

 

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

For the Company’s disclosures about market risk, please see “Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk” in Part II, Item 7A of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2015. There have been no material changes to the Company’s disclosures about market risk in Part II, Item 7A of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2015.

 

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

Disclosure Controls and Procedures

The Company maintains disclosure controls and procedures that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in the Company’s reports under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission’s rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to the Company’s management, including the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and the Company’s Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. Any controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable assurance of achieving the desired control objectives. The Company’s management, with the participation of the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and the Company’s Chief Financial Officer, has evaluated the effectiveness of the design and operation of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the period covered by this Form 10-Q. Based upon that evaluation, the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and the Company’s Chief Financial Officer concluded that, as of September 30, 2016, the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective to accomplish their objectives at the reasonable assurance level.

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

There have been no changes in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the last fiscal quarter that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

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Table of Contents

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

We are not presently involved in any material litigation arising outside the ordinary course of our business. However, we are involved in routine litigation arising in the ordinary course of business, none of which we believe, individually or in the aggregate, will have a material impact on our results of operations or financial condition.

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors

In addition to the other information set forth in this report, you should carefully consider the factors discussed in the section entitled “Risk Factors” in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2015, which could materially adversely affect the Company’s business, financial condition, results of operations (including revenues and profitability), operating cash flow and value. The risks described in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2015 are not the only risks facing the Company. Additional risks and uncertainties not currently known to the Company or that it currently deems to be immaterial also could materially adversely affect its business, financial condition, results of operations (including revenues and profitability), operating cash flow and value. There have been no material changes from the risk factors previously disclosed in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2015.

 

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

None.

 

Item 3. Defaults upon Senior Securities

None.

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

Not applicable.

 

Item 5. Other Information

None.

 

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Table of Contents
Item 6. Exhibits

 

Exhibit

Number

  

Description of Documents

31.1    Certification of the Company’s Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. *
31.2    Certification of the Company’s Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. *
32.1    Certification of the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350 as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. **
101    The following materials from BRE Select Hotels Corp’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 2016 formatted in XBRL (eXtensible Business Reporting Language): (i) the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets, (ii) the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations, (iii) the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows, and (iv) related notes to these financial statements, tagged as blocks of text and in detail. *

 

* Filed herewith
** Furnished herewith

The agreements and other documents filed as exhibits to this report are not intended to provide factual information or other disclosure other than with respect to the terms of the agreements or other documents themselves, and you should not rely on them for that purpose. In particular, any representations or warranties made by us in these agreements or other documents were made solely within the specific context of the relevant agreement or document and may not describe the actual state of the affairs as of the date they were made or at any other time.

 

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Table of Contents

SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

    BRE SELECT HOTELS CORP
Date: November 14, 2016     By:   /s/ WILLIAM J. STEIN
      William J. Stein
     

Chief Executive Officer and Senior Managing Director

(Principal Executive Officer)

   
Date: November 14, 2016     By:   /s/ BRIAN KIM
      Brian Kim
     

Chief Financial Officer, Vice President

and Managing Director

(Principal Financial Officer and Principal Accounting Officer)

 

26

EX-31.1

Exhibit 31.1

CERTIFICATION

I, William J. Stein, certify that:

 

1. I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of BRE Select Hotels Corp;

 

2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

 

3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

 

4. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

 

  a) Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

 

  b) Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

 

  c) Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

 

  d) Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

 

5. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

 

  a) All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

 

  b) Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

Date: November 14, 2016       /s/ WILLIAM J. STEIN
     

William J. Stein

Chief Executive Officer and Senior

Managing Director

(Principal Executive Officer)

EX-31.2

Exhibit 31.2

CERTIFICATION

I, Brian Kim, certify that:

 

1. I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of BRE Select Hotels Corp;

 

2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

 

3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

 

4. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

 

  a) Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

 

  b) Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

 

  c) Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

 

  d) Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

 

5. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

 

  a) All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

 

  b) Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

Date: November 14, 2016       /s/ BRIAN KIM
     

Brian Kim

Chief Financial Officer, Vice President

and Managing Director

(Principal Financial Officer and Principal

Accounting Officer)

EX-32.1

Exhibit 32.1

CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO 18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350 AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO SECTION 906 OF THE

SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

In connection with the Quarterly Report of BRE Select Hotels Corp (the “Company”) on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended September 30, 2016 as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (the “Report”), the undersigned hereby certify, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 that: (1) the Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and (2) the information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.

 

Date: November 14, 2016       /s/ WILLIAM J. STEIN
      William J. Stein
     

Chief Executive Officer and Senior Managing Director

(Principal Executive Officer)

   
Date: November 14, 2016       /s/ BRIAN KIM
      Brian Kim
     

Chief Financial Officer, Vice President

and Managing Director

(Principal Financial Officer and Principal Accounting Officer)